Rangoli is an integral part of Diwali Celebrations. Rongoli is one of the most popular art forms in India where decoration is done on the floor using rice powder and colors, both liquid and powdered. During Diwali, especially on the day of Laxmi Puja, varied colors are used to make beautiful designs in the courtyard or near the entrance to the house. It is believed that rongoli is drawn to welcome the goddess of wealth and keep evil spirits at bay. The Diwali rangoli is a way of welcoming guests into the household. The colorful designs add vigor to this vibrant. The Rangoli images create an enchanting piece of art. The art of rangoli is known by different names in different regions such as "Rangoli" in Maharashtra, Alpana (in Bengal), and Kolam (in South India).
Diwali Rangoli Themes
Those who are experts in art, they can do rongoli designs on the floor free hand. Some draw the pattern in a paper and fill it with colors. There are some who draw the outline with chalk and fill it with papers. There are different rongoli themes such as:
Auspicious symbols like Swastic, Om, Mangal kalash, Chakra, a lighted Deepak
Images of Gods like Ganesha
Geometric patterns such as circles, semi-circles, triangles, squares and rectangles etc.
Ingredients used in Rongolis
Traditionaly rice powder and the colors derived from natural dyes from barks of trees, leaves, indigo, etc. were used. Today however, synthetic dyes are used in a range of different colors. Rangoli being mainly a floor art, varied ingredients are used like as follows:
Finely grounded rice flour
Natural flowers etc.
Rangolis can be given a three-dimensional art effect by applying cereals, pulses either in their natural coloring or tinted with natural dyes. They are beautiful, wonderful creations of art indeed.